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    This assignment (Latin and Greek pre/suffixes) is for you if you'll
    be an 11th grader and in IB Bio in Fall 2018.



    Latin and Greek Prefixes and Suffixes
    Summer assignment for IB Biology (SL, 1st year HL)

    Directions:
    1. Study these terms. We will start the year with four quizzes!!!
       (A-D day 1, E-I day 2, K-O day 3, P-Z day 4)

    2. Write a complete (and coherent) sentence using each prefix and suffix
    Example: 1. Bacteria are asexual organisms, in that one cell simply divides into two cells.

    Turn all of this in on the 1st day of class!!

    Greek or Latin Root

    Meaning

    Examples

    A-, An-

    Not, absent

    Abiotic: without life
    Anoxygenic: without oxygen

    Ab-, Abs-

    Away from

    Abscission: separation of leaves from tree

    Allo-

    Another

    Allosteric: another binding site

    Anti-

    Against, opposed to

    Antiseptic

    Aqua-

    Water

    Aqueous: watery

    Arch-

    First, earliest

    Archeology

    Arthr-

    Pertaining to a joint

    Arthroscopy

    -ase

    Enzyme

    Lactase

    Auto

    Self

    Autosome

    Bi-

    Two

    Bilayer: double layered

    Bio-

    Life

    Biology: the study of life

    Blast-

    Sprout or shoot, embryo

    Blastocycst

    Brach-

    Arm

    brachial

    Bronchi-

    Pertaining to the trachea

    Bronchial

    Carni-

    Flesh

    Carnivorous

    Centro-

    Center

    Centromere

    -cide

    Kill

    Fungicide

    Chloro-

    Green

    Chlorophyll

    Chrom-

    Color

    Chromotography

    Co-, con

    Together, along with

    Congenital, cooperative

    Coel-

    Hollow cavity

    Coelem

    Cyt

    Cell

    Cytoplasm: the fluid inside a cell

    -cyst

    Bladder

    Blastocycst

    Dent-

    Teeth

    Dental

    Demo-

    People

    Demographic

    Derm-

    Skin

    Dermis, deratitis

    Di-

    Two

    Disaccharide: acarbohydratemade of two simple sugars

    Dis-

    Apart

    Disjoin: separate

    E-, Ec-, Ex-, Ecto

    Outside, away from

    Ectoderm, Exoskeleton

    -ectomy

    Excision, exaection

    Appendectomy

    -emia

    Denotes a condition of the blood

    Anemia

    Endo-, ento

    Inside

    Endocytosis: a process that brings things into a cell

    Erythro-

    Red

    Erythrocyte

    Epi-

    Upon, over

    Epidermis: the uppermost layer of tissue covering an organism

    Eu-

    True

    Eukaryoteshave a true nucleus

    Ex-

    Out

    Exocytosis: a process that puts things out of cells

    Geno-

    Give birth, beget

    Genetics: the study of heredity

    Gastr-

    The stomach

    Gastric

    -graph, -graphy

    An instrument, a description

    Cardiograph

    Glyco-

    Sweet

    Glycogen

    Haemato-, Hemo

    Blood

    Hemorrhage, hematogram

    Hetero-

    Mixed, unlike

    Heterozygous: a cell that has two different versions of a gene

    Homo-, Homeo

    Same

    Homozygous: a cell that has two identical versions of a gene

    Hydr-

    Water

    Hydrolysis

    Hyper-

    Above

    Hypertonic: has a greater concentration of solutes

    Hypo-

    Below

    Hypotonic: has a lower concentration of solutes

    Infra-

    Beneath, below

    Infraorbital

    Inter-

    Between

    Interphase: the cellular phase between cell divisions

    Intra-

    Within, inside

    Intracellular

    Iso-

    Same

    Isotonic: has same concentration of solutes

    Kary-

    Nucleus

    Karyotype

    Leuko

    Whiteness

    Leukocyte


    Locus

    Place

    A locus on a chromosome is the place where a gene is located

    -lysis

    Separation into constituent parts

    Hydrolysis

    Macro-

    Big

    Macrophage: a large phagocyte

    Mal-

    Bad

    Malformation

    Mega

    Large

    Megaspore

    -mere

    Part

    Centromere

    Mesen-, Meso

    Middle

    Mesoderm

    Meta

    With, after, over, between, change

    Metabolism, metamorphosis

    -meter

    An instrument for measuring

    Thermometer

    Mito-

    Thread

    Mitochondria

    -meter

    Measure

    Centimeter: a measurement that's 1/100 of a meter

    Micro-

    Small

    Microbiology: the study of living things too small to see with the naked eye

    Mono-

    One

    Monosaccharide: a single simple sugar

    Multi-

    Number, many

    Multicellular

    Neo-

    New

    neoplasm

    Nephr-

    Pertaining to the kidney

    Nephritis

    Neuro-

    Relating to a nerve

    Neuron

    Olig-

    Few

    Oligosaccharide: a short chain of sugars

    Omni-

    All

    omnivorous

    Oo-

    Egg

    oocyte

    Os-, Osteo

    Referring to bone

    Osteology

    -ose

    Sugar

    glucose

    -oid

    Similar in shape

    Xiphoid

    Oxy-

    Denoting the presence of oxygen, or acidity

    Oxidation

    Ovo-

    Egg

    ovum

    Para-

    Through, near, by

    Parasite

    Ped-, Pod

    Foot

    Pseudopod: a "false foot" or projection of an amoeba

    Phago-, -phag

    Eat

    Phagocytosis, bacteriophage

    Pheno-

    To appear

    phenotype

    -phil,-phile

    Love

    Hydrophilic: mixes well with water

    -phobia

    Fear

    Hydrophobic: doesn't mix with water

    Photo

    Light

    Photosynthesis

    -phore

    Bearer

    chromatophor

    -phyll

    Leaf

    Chlorophyll

    -phyte

    Plant

    Epiphyte

    Plasm-, -plasm

    Form

    Plasma, Cytoplasm

    -ploid

    Times

    polyploid

    Poly-

    Many

    Polypeptide: a chain of many amino acids

    Post-

    After, behind

    Posterior

    Pre-

    Before

    Premolar

    Pro-

    Before

    Prokaryotes: cells that evolved before nucleated cells

    Proto-

    First

    Protozoa

    Pseudo-

    False, spurious

    Pseudopod

    -scope

    An instrument for examininations

    Microscope

    Semi-

    Half, paltry, almost

    Semicircular

    Soma-, -some

    Body

    Somatic

    Stom-

    Mouth

    Stomates: openings in the surfaces of leaves

    Sub-

    Beneath, under, partial

    Subclavian

    Super-, supra-

    Above, upon

    Supraorbital

    Sym-, syn-

    Together, same

    Synbiosis

    Tetra-

    Four

    Tetrachloride

    Trans-

    Above, beyond

    Transcription

    -trophy

    Nutrition

    Atrophy

    Ultra-

    Beyond

    Ultramicroscopic

    Vivi-

    Alive

    Vivisection

    -vore

    To devour

    Herbivore

    Zoo-

    Animal

    Zoology: the study of animals

    Zygo-

    Join

    Zygote: a cell formed from the joining of sperm and egg